What was nicknamed after the leaders of the USSR

It isn’t solely homes and libraries, but additionally two completely different vodkas. Sure, you learn that appropriately!

1. ‘Leninka’ – a library named after Vladimir Lenin

Russian State Library ('Leninka')

Russian State Library (‘Leninka’)

Ivan Shagin/МАММ/MDF/russiainphoto.ru

Though there was or is a Lenin Avenue in most settlements, cities and cities of the previous USSR, solely the Russian State Library (from 1925 to 1992 – the ‘Lenin State Library of the USSR’) was and nonetheless is nicknamed ‘Leninka’ by the Russian public.

2. ‘Rykovka’ – a vodka nicknamed after Aleksey Rykov

Alexey Rykov, the Chairman of the SNK

Alexey Rykov, the Chairman of the SNK

Public area

On August 26, 1923, the Council of Folks’s Commissars (Sovet Narodnykh Komissarov, abbr. SNK) determined to renew manufacturing of all alcoholic drinks after years of prohibition – it had been in place within the Russian Empire for the reason that starting of World Battle I and the Bolsheviks prolonged the ban a number of instances. In December 1924, low cost vodka arrived on the cabinets, which started to be referred to as ‘Rykovka’ after Chairman of the SNK, Alexei Rykov (1881-1938, in workplace from 1924-1930).

‘Rykovka’ was not fairly actual vodka – it solely had about 30 p.c alcohol content material. On December 20, 1924, Mikhail Bulgakov wrote in his diary: “The information in Moscow – a 30-percent vodka, which the general public calls ‘Rykovka’ and for a very good purpose. It’s completely different from the tsar’s vodka, as a result of it’s ten p.c weaker, worse in style and 4 instances the value!” A half-liter bottle of ‘Rykovka’ value a ruble – the equal of two liters of sunflower oil or 4 kilograms of fish or 20 kilograms of potatoes – some huge cash in these famished years.

3. ‘Stalinkas’ – condo homes constructed throughout Stalin’s reign

Leninsky prospekt street in Moscow. Typical 'stalinkas'

Leninsky prospekt road in Moscow. Typical ‘stalinkas’

Ivan Shagin/МАММ/МДФ/russiainphoto.ru

Residential homes and high-rises (together with the well-known ‘Seven Sisters’) that have been constructed throughout Stalin’s time in energy (from the Thirties to the Nineteen Fifties) have been referred to as ‘stalinkas’. They have been largely constructed within the neoclassicism type and the ‘stalinka’ design was also known as the ‘Stalin Empire type’ after that.

4. ‘Malenkovkas’ – condo homes constructed throughout Georgy Malenkov’s reign

A 'malenkovka' at Bozhenko street, Moscow

A ‘malenkovka’ at Bozhenko road, Moscow

DonAvero (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Surprisingly, some varieties of homes within the USSR have been named even in honor of Georgy Malenkov (1901-1988), who was Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers for simply two years (1955-1957). Plans for the mass resettlement of individuals in simplified homes of block, brick and panel kind started beneath Stalin – there was a severe housing disaster within the USSR. The primary simplified brick homes have been referred to as ‘malenkovkas’. That they had minimal decorations on the facades and excessive ceilings, the variety of flooring was small and the residences have been much less spacious in comparison with the ‘stalinkas’.

READ MORE: How did condo blocks change beneath Stalin, Khrushchev, and Brezhnev?

5. ‘Khrushchyovkas’ – condo homes constructed throughout Nikita Khrushchev’s reign

Four 'krushchevkas' in Moscow

4 ‘krushchevkas’ in Moscow

Maksim Blinov/Sputnik

This model is thought not solely within the former USSR, but additionally within the former Japanese socialist bloc international locations. ‘Khrushchyovkas’ are customary condo blocks (normally five-storeys) with a simplified small-sized residences, constructed through the interval of mass housing development within the USSR within the Sixties, beneath Common Secretary Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971, as Chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1958-1964).

6. ‘Brezhnevkas’ – condo homes constructed throughout Leonid Brezhnev’s time

A panel house series II-68, one of 'brezhnevkas'

A panel home collection II-68, one in every of ‘brezhnevkas’

Fr0nt (CC BY-SA 3.0)

‘Brezhnevkas’ are Soviet panelized serial 9-17-storey homes with improved layouts (in comparison with ‘khrushchyovkas’). The tasks have been created through the reign of Leonid Brezhnev (1964-1982), however the precise buildings have been solely just lately commissioned and constructed.

7. ‘Andropovka’ – a vodka nicknamed after Yuri Andropov

'Moskovskaya' vodka

‘Moskovskaya’ vodka

Andrey Stenin/Sputnik

‘Andropovka’ was the nickname given to ‘Moskovskaya’ vodka, the most cost effective vodka within the Soviet Union, the value of which was lowered beneath Common Secretary Yuri Andropov (1914-1984, in workplace in 1983-1984). In 1972, the Soviet authorities raised the bottom worth of vodka from 2 rubles 87 kopecks per bottle to three rubles 62 kopecks. In 1981, after the 1980 Olympics, the value was raised much more – to five rubles 30 kopecks, which dropped at life a ditty:

“It was three, it is 5 at the moment – we’ll be shopping for anyway!

Even when it involves eight, we’ll be consuming till late!

You possibly can go and inform Ilyich – even ten’s inside our attain!”

Yuri Andropov

Yuri Andropov


When Common Secretary Yuri Andropov got here to energy, he lowered the value of Moskovskaya to 4 rubles 20 kopecks. A wage of 180-200 rubles was thought-about respectable in these years. Folks started calling the vodka ‘Andropovka’ and likewise ‘first-grader’ or ‘schoolgirl’, because it went on sale on September 1, 1983, the primary day of the brand new college 12 months.

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